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28/06/2007

Sexual pain disorders in adolescents


Graziottin A.
Sexual pain disorders in adolescents
Proceedings of the 12th World Congress of Human Reproduction, International Academy of Human Reproduction, Venice, March 10-13, 2005
CIC Edizioni Internazionali, Roma, p. 434-449, 2005

The sexual pain disorders included in different editions of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-III-R 1987; DSM-IV-TR, 2000) are dyspareunia and vaginismus. Both these clinical entities have undergone intense scrutiny and international discussion in the more recent years. The key issues of current controversies will be summarized, to give the reader an updated perspective. At the same time, the focus of this paper will be on the pathophysiology of dyspareunia and vulvar vestibulitis, a subset of vulvodynia, which is one of the leading causes of sexual pain disorders in adolescents. Special attention will be devoted to current research on predictors of vulvodynia in this younger cohort. The aim is to discuss key practical issues relevant for the clinician, working with adolescents, in his/her daily practice.

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