Gonorrhea is caused by the sexually and vertically transmitted bacterium Neisseria gonorrhoeae, or gonococcus. It is the second sexually transmitted bacterial infection in the world, after chlamydia. To date, it shows an aggressive increase worldwide.
The aim of the work is a review of the main characteristics of gonorrhea, of greater clinical relevance for gynecological and obstetric practice, placing the woman at the center of clinical considerations. The article is enriched with new insights on some characteristics of the bacterium recently discovered and of great importance on the diagnostic and therapeutic front.